Essay On Swami Dayanand Saraswati
India has been landing saints and preachers since ancient times. Many great philosophers, saints, and social reformers have lived here. Among the people who started the new social awakening, Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Ramakrishna Paramhans, Swami Vivekananda, Swami Dayanand Saraswati are a few important names.
Swami Dayanand Saraswati was born in the village Tankara in Gujarat in the year 1824. His father’s name was Amba Shankar. He was a great worshipper of Lord Shiva. Little Dayanand persuaded his basic education at home. He was a very intelligent boy. He knew Sanskrit very well though he was just twelve. He was in search of God right from his childhood.
Dayanand was totally detached from the rest of the world after the death of his sister and aunt. With the aim of finding real God and victory over death, he became a disciple of Swami Virajanand. Under his guidance, he gained knowledge of Vedas for 35 years. After completing his education, Swami Virajanand asked him to devote his whole life to the preaching of Vedas.
Honoring the wish of his Guru, Swami Dayanand set out for the spread of religion. He discussed religion with a number of intellectuals. He narrated the teachings of Vedas to the common people. He is the founder of Aarya Samaj. He opposed idol worship and preached that God is one. He prevented many Hindus from being converted to Muslims and Christians. He advocated women’s education. He opposed child marriage. He worked for abolishing the Sati system. He was a great supporter of widow remarriage. He opposed discrimination based on castes. He established orphanages and homes for widows for the enlistment of people. He started Gurukuls for the spread of Vedic education.
Because of his teachings, many orthodox people became his enemies. Many plots were made to kill him. Once, he was served with milk mixed with poison. Unfortunately, on 30th October 1883 at the age of 59 Swamiji passed away. Swamiji wrote a number of books to preach religion. He advocated the Hindi language and Vedas. He showed the path of knowledge to the people who were dragged by the darkness of customs and rituals.