Set 1: Essay On Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj
A Shivaji Bhonsle was an Indian warrior King. He was the founder of Maratha kingdom in India. He was the first Hindu to establish a Hindu Empire after centuries of Muslim rule. In 1674, Shivaji became the crowned King and took up the title of Chhatrapati.
Shivaji was born in the hill-fort of Shivneri near Pune. His mother Jijabai named him Shivaji in honour of the Goddess Shivai. Shivaji’s father Shahaji Bhonsle was a Maratha general who served the King of Bijapur. Shivaji was extremely devoted to his mother, who was a religious woman. Religious teachings in early life had a great impact on Shivaji. He carefully studied the two great Hindu epics Ramayana and Mahabharata.
Shahaji handed over the responsibility of his wife and son to a Brahmin named Dadoji Kondev. The charge of Shivaji’s education was given to Dadoji. Shivaji became very skilful in the art of riding horses and warfare. Dadoji used to read to him the stories of the Ramayana and Mahabharata, which were full of patriotism and heroism. Thus,
the fire of patriotism was sparked in Shivaji while he was young. The stories of Mughal control upon the Hindus also had a great influence upon him. Shivaji made up his mind to free his country and people from the hands of Mughals.
Shivaji was a born leader. In Pune, he gathered a small group of young boys. With the help of this small army of hill men, he began his struggle. He captured many small forts, which belonged to the King of Bijapur. At the age of 20, he captured the important fort of Purandar. At last, the King sent his General Afzal Khan to arrest Shivaji. Afzal Khan tried to kill him but Shivaji killed him and destroyed Bijapur army. Finally, the King of Bijapur had to make peace with Shivaji.
Shivaji now began his struggle with Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. The Emperor sent Mughal General Shaista Khan against Shivaji. A surprise night attack was conducted by Shivaji on the camp of Shaista Khan who had marched over Swarajya and was staying in Lal Mahal. Shivaji attacked with his sward but Shaista Khan succeeded in escaping, losing his fingers.
Aurangzeb sent Raja Jai Singh, against Shivaji. He convinced Shivaji to meet Aurangzeb. Shivaji reached Delhi butAurangzeb did not treat him kindly. He imprisoned Shivaji. Soon Shivaji managed to escape and reached Raigad. Later Shivaji got back the forts that he had given to Aurangzeb.
Shivaji Maharaj had the wisdom of a great leader. He organized his Government in a better way
than the Mughals. He respected all religions. Some of the Muslim Sardars in Shivaji’s administration were Ibrahim Khan, Madari Mehtar, Daulat Khan and Kazi Haider. He was truthful and kind King. He was a great patriot. He had high regard for women of all castes. He believed that it was his duty to protect his people. He was one of the greatest heroes that India has ever seen.
Set 2: Essay On Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj
Shivaji was born at ‘Shivnery’ fort near Pune. His father Shahji Raje Bhonsle was an army officer in Bijapur kingdom. He spent his childhood with his mother, Jijabai, a brave, bold and courageious lady From the very beginning Jijabai inspired him to become brave and set up an independent state.
During his childhood, he played with swords and other weapons. He took special interest in horse riding. Guru Samarth Swami Ramdas was his teacher as done before. After completing his education, he started gathering his own forces and attacked some forts of Sultan of Bijapur. In order to teach a lesson to Shivaji, Sultan of Bijapur ordered to arrest his father Shahji. But this could not stop Shivaji. He captured many forts and this made Sultan very angry. Shivaji was very clever and was successful in killing Afzal Khan, the General of Bijapur. Death of Afzal Khan encouraged him and he was successful in establishing a Maratha state in Deccan.
In his lifetime, Shivaji also fought against Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb. It was a very hard task. He fought against Aurangzeb for about twenty years,
sometimes winning and sometimes losing the battles. But he was never discouraged. He invented new war tricks known as guerrilla tactics.
Once he was arrested at Agra in Aurangzeb’s darbar by deceit but he managed to run away from the prison. Reaching Maharashtra, he was again successful in setting up an independent Maratha Empire. He was called ‘Chhatrapati Shivaji’. He became the king. He was a very good adminstrator. He respected every religion. There were many Muslim soldiers in his army. He respected womenfolk. Though he was short in height but he had an impressive personality.
He had qualities of head and heart. He was perfect in the art of warfare and, at the same time, helped the weak and the poor. He always looted the rich and distributed the booty among the poor people and peasants. The bravery and achievements of Shivaji are written in golden words in Indian history.
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