Essay On Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar And Untouchability

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Set 1: Essay On Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar And Untouchability

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar dedicated his entire life for the upliftment of depressed classes. He himself belonged to depress class and therefore, was aware of the miserable condition and problems faced by the untouchables living in the Hindu society. He had made the mission of his life to liberate the untouchables.

He started Mahad Satyagraha in which he demanded that untouchables should get the right to draw water from the public wells. They were denied of drinking water from Chavdar Lake at Mahad. In 1927, Dr. Ambedkar called a Satyagraha. All the representatives of Dalit community assembled at the lake with the resolve to drink water from it. Finally, Dr. Ambedkar and others drank water from the lake. This was a revolutionary step, that was unacceptable to the upper class people.

Dr. Ambedkar also started the movement to enter Kalaram Temple in Nasik. Although Dalits were Hindus, they were prohibited from entering the temple. Under the guidance of Dr. Ambedkar, nearly ten thousand Dalit men and women assembled in front of the closed doors of the temple. The movement continued nearly for a year and finally Dalits succeeded in getting entry in the temple. This was a great victory for Dr. Ambedkar. 1q In 1931, Dr. Ambedkar attended the Round Table conference in London to secure the political rights for the untouchables. He requested for separate electorates for the depressed section of society. This led to the signing of Poon Pact between him and Gandhiji in 1932. According to this pact, untouchables were allowed to hold 18% reservation in joint electorate.

Dr. Ambedkar founded a political party for the untouchables. It was called, The Republic Party of India’. As he wanted the untouchables to be educated, he started People’s Education Society. Later he formed ‘Independent Labour Party’ and ‘Scheduled Caste Federation for protecting their political rights.

After the independence of India, Constitution had to be drafted. Ambedkar was the Chairman of the drafting committee. In the Constitution he tried to get as many rights as possible for the benefits of the untouchables. It is due to his efforts that today the Indian Constitution has provided many protections to the untouchables. They are recognized as equal to any other caste in India. Several welfare schemes are started by the Government in order to uplift the depressed classes. All these and various other benefits to the untouchables are provided only due to the hard and long efforts of Dr. Ambedkar.

Set 2: Essay On Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar is regarded as one of the important personalities of Indian politics. He was born on 14th April 1891, in a poor family. Every year 14th April is observed as Dr. Ambedkar Jayanti. He was extremely intelligent right from his childhood days. With great determination in him, he studied very hard and became lawyer.

Dr. Ambedkar had to face many difficulties in his early days because he belonged to the community of untouchables. Even in his school, he was made to sit outside the classroom. He was not allowed to mix up with the other students of the higher caste. Despite such difficulties, young Ambedkar never lost heart. By the quality of his hardwork and commitment, he earned several scholarships to support his education. He even went abroad to complete his degree in Economics and Political Science.

After he returned India, he decided to fight against social evils like caste system and other inequalities faced by the lower segments. He started various social campaigns. He demanded that people belonging to the lower caste be given special reservation in the Government sector. His increasing popularity and immense knowledge made him a towering figure. The fact that he had suffered inequalities during his young age helped him in being the most suitable candidate to draft laws of social justice in the Constitution. He presented the Constitution based on the principles of democracy, equality and fraternity. Therefore, he is called as the ‘Architect of Indian Constitution’.

In both Round Table Conferences of 1930 and 1931, he asked for separate electorates for Dalits. In the following year, British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald declared independent constituency for Dalits. In 1932, Dr. Ambedkar signed Pune Pact with Gandhiji helping Dalits to hold 18% reservation in joint constituency. Dr. Ambedkar also formed Independent Labour Party’ and ‘Scheduled Caste Federation’ for their political rights. However, his most important political achievement was the drafting of Indian Constitution.

According to Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, “A just society is that society in which ascending sense of reverence and descending sense of contempt is dissolved into the creation of a compassionate society.” He was greatly influenced by the Buddhist scriptures. He read and wrote on the Buddhist faith. In his later years, he legally converted himself to Buddhism. He completed a book ‘Buddha and Karl Marx’just a few days before his death.

Dr. Ambedkar is still remembered as one of the key architects of the Indian Constitution who devoted his life to fight for social justice and eliminating inequality.


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