Essay On The “Makar Sankranti” Festival

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Set 1: Essay On The Makar Sankranti Festival

‘Makar Sankranti’ is a Festival that is celebrated on 14th January. It has a geographical background. It is supposed to mark the day when the sun changes its position and starts moving towards the northern hemisphere. People can feel longer days and shorter nights from this date onwards.

Different parts of the country celebrate the festival in different ways. In Maharashtra people make sweets of ’til’ and distribute them to their friends. They tell their friends to eat sweets and talk sweetly. This means that they consider Makar Sankranti as a festival of friendship.

In Gujarat Makar Sankranti is enjoyed by flying kites. In fact it is the festival of kite-flying in Gujarat. People gather on roof-tops to watch the fights between different kites. There is great rejoicing and applause when one kite cuts off another, whistles are blown and drums are beaten. Everyone has a gay time flying kites. The sky appears full of kites of all colours and sizes.

The festival has religious significance too. People are supposed to give alms to the poor, put on new clothes and share and eat sweets. It is an enjoyable occasion for the young and the old alike. Unfortunately, however, sometimes the fun is spoilt when an accident occurs. A boy might lean out too far over a terrace, and lose his balance. In this case he will fall and hurt himself and have to be rushed to a hospital.

Again children who rush to pick up a kite that has fallen may not notice the oncoming traffic. They might be knocked down by a speeding vehicle and be seriously hurt, apart from these few stray incidents, Makar Sankranti is indeed an enjoyable festival.

Essay On The Makar Sankranti Festival

Set 2: Essay On The Makar Sankranti Festival

Makar Sankranti is a Hindu religious festival. It is the first festive celebration of the year. It falls on 14th of January every year with very rare occasion when it is celebrated either on the 13th or on the 15th of January. This festival even has an astrological significance because it marks the transition of the Sun into the zodiac sign of Capricorn on its path.

Makar Sankranti is a period, which marks the arrival of the spring season in India. Therefore, this is the time when the crops in the field are harvested. As it is the time of harvesting, Makar Sankranti is also known as the Harvest festival.

The celebration of this wonderful festival is quite amusing. One can find so many different colors, traditions and rituals celebrated at the same time and for the same occasion. It is the festival where the sweets and the foodie materials are not bought from outside. They are made at home with pure homemade materials. Sweets are the specialty of this festival and different sweets are made. Sweets are distributed and exchanged among the neighbours, family and friends.

Makar Sankranti is also known as the kite flying festival in many parts of India. Kites with different sizes and colours are found flying high up in the sky. It looks very pleasant when kites of various colours fly in the sky. Even trees are found with kites fallen over them. These scenes fill our mind with joy and happiness.

Regional blessing are given by the elders while greeting each other. Laddus of til made with jaggery is a speciality of the festival. While a person is about to wish somebody by giving laddus he/she wishes by saying, “Til Good Ghiya, Gode Gode Bola”. This is a famous wishing line in Maharashtra. The other person would also give the same kind of sweet and wishes in the same manner. Family members, relatives, friends, young and old come together and meet each other on this day.

Another interesting fact about this day is that though it is celebrated all over India, it is known by different names in different regions of India. People in South Indian celebrate this day as ‘Pongal’, were as the North Indians, especially in Punjab and Haryana it is celebrated as ‘Lohri’. Here people do not celebrate it on the actual day, instead it is celebrated the night before the main day. People come together, create a campfire and then by going round the fire sing and dance into their homeland folk style.

The main idea behind celebrating this festival is to welcome good days where everyone invites more to life. People wish for luck, good health, prosperity, wellbeing and lots of wealth.


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