Essay On My Favourite National Monument
My favourite national monument is the Taj Mahal. It is a matter of pride for Indians to have one of the Seven Wonders of the World in the country. It is situated in Agra city. When I visited Agra with my parents, I collected some important information regarding the monument. Since then it has become my favourite national monument.
In the 17th century, Mughal Emperor Shahjahan built the Taj Mahal. It was built on the banks of river Yamuna towards the South of Agra. This monument was constructed in the memory of Emperor’s dear queen Arjumand Bano Begum. She was also called “Mumtaz Mahal”. Taj Mahal is the tomb of both Mumtaz Mahal and Shahjahan.
The construction of this beautiful monument was completed in 1653 AD. It nearly took twenty-two years to build the Taj Mahal. It is said that nearly twenty thousand workers constructed this monument. Stonecutters, carvers, painters, dome-designers, masons, and various other skilled workers were called from different parts of the empire. Many were also invited from other countries. To increase the beauty of the monument, semi-precious stones were brought from Afghanistan and Ceylon.
Taj Mahal is a marble structure. When the first ray of the Sun reaches its dome, it appears like a heavenly place. The dome is made of white marble. Taj Mahal is surrounded by beautiful gardens and fountains. It is believed that when Mumtaz Mahal was about to die, she took a promise from Shahjahan to make a monument different from other monuments in the world. The Emperor kept his promise and the Taj Mahal was built.
According to me, no other monument in the world can match the beauty of the Taj Mahal. The outer and the interior walls of the monument are richly decorated with beautiful tile work and calligraphy. Shahjahan truly loved his wife. After she died, Emperor decided to preserve their love forever in the form of the Taj Mahal.
For the last three hundred and sixty years, this monument stands as the symbol of love. It has attracted millions of tourists from all around the world to visit the monument.
Lately, one of our most precious national monuments Taj Mahal is losing its beauty. Industries in the surrounding areas are causing air pollution. This has affected the monument adversely. It is high time that Government and people jointly make efforts to preserve this heavenly monument and its beauty.