Essay on Mahatma Gandhi: Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 at Porbandar in Gujarat. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi. Mohandas’s mother’s name was Putlibai, the fourth wife of Karamchand Gandhi. Mohandas was the last child of his father’s fourth wife. Mahatma Gandhi is considered the leader of the Indian national movement against British rule and the ‘Father of the Nation’.
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi 400 Words
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, who is popularly known as the Father of the nation, was born on 2nd October 1869. He was born at Porbandar in Gujarat. He was from a well-to-do family. His father was a diwan of a princely state. His mother, Putalibai was a religious lady. He was married to Kasturba at the age of thirteen years. He took his middle school education in Rajkot. He then traveled to London to pursue higher education. He returned to India as a barrister and practiced law for some time in Mumbai.
He then went to South Africa in 1823 to solve a dispute. After his success, he decided to settle down there. During those days the British used to humiliate the African people. Gandhiji also had to face one such situation. He was not allowed to travel in the first class of a train. This class was reserved only for the British. It is here that he started his experiments with truth and non-violence. He fought for the rights of the common people. He also established the Tolstoy Ashram there.
He returned to India in 1915 and started participating actively in politics. He joined the Congress Party and started a movement against the British government. Under his leadership, congress started non-violence and non-co-operation movements to oppose the injustice of the government. He led the historic Dandi March and broke the Salt Law. In 1942 he started the “Quit India” movement and forced the British to leave India. At last, due to his efforts, India got independence in 1947.
He set up an ashram near Ahmedabad. He led a very simple and pure life. He always fought against injustice, untouchability, and the social uplifting of people. He led the freedom struggle and went to jail several times. He adopted non-violence, satyagraha, boycott, and civil disobedience as weapons. He inspired the people to take part in the independence movement. The whole country became his follower. He always tried his level best for the unity of the Hindu and Muslim communities. He also started newspapers, ‘Young India” and ‘Harijan’.
On 30th January 1948, Nathuram Godse fired three shots at him at Birla Bhavan while he was holding his regular public prayer. He was cremated at the banks of Yamuna. Today, his samadhi at Rajbhavan has become a place of pilgrimage for people. We can never repay his sacrifice. We should try to follow his life and teachings.
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi 500 Words
Mahatma Gandhi was not only one of the greatest leaders of India but also of the world. Non-violence, truth, and affection were some of the important principles followed by him. By following these principles, he fought and helped India in gaining independence. He never used arms and weapons to win the struggle of India’s independence.
His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. People lovingly called him ‘Bapu’or ‘Bapuji’. He is also known as the ‘Father of the Nation’. On 2nd October 1869, he was born in Porbandar, Gujarat. Gandhiji was a man of iron willpower. If he decided to do something, he did it no matter how difficult it was. Once he promised himself that he would have an early morning prayer every day. From that day, he never missed his prayers.
He went to England to study law. He completed his law and came back to India in 1893. He started his career as a lawyer and helped poor and honest people. When he went to South Africa, he found that Indians were treated very badly. He himself suffered injustice in South Africa. One day when Gandhiji was traveling in a first-class compartment of a train in South Africa, he was pushed out of the compartment by some white men.
Gandhiji believed in giving a lot of importance to truth, simplicity, and non-violence. He wore simple clothes. He wore a white dhoti above the knees and sometimes a shawl. How did he come to make this choice of clothes? Once he had to deliver a lecture in Orissa. Many people had gathered to hear him. However, in those days, women were not seen at public gatherings or meetings. On inquiring, Gandhiji found that people in that part of the country were very poor. Women had no decent clothes to wear. Gandhiji felt very bad and sad for them. From that day, he decided to wear simple and minimum clothes.
Once, he had gone to England to attend a very important conference. King George of England had invited the members of the conference to his palace. They were asked to dress up in a certain way. Gandhiji made it very clear that he would dress in his usual way. He wore the dress of the people whom he represented. Millions of poor people across India were happy to see Mahatma Gandhi dress like them.
Gandhiji had millions of loyal followers. He showed the people a new path of Satyagraha. He is remembered for his greatness not only in India but also in different parts of the world. 30 January 1948, while he was on his way to a prayer he was shot dead by an Indian. The entire world mourned his death. His body was cremated at Raj Ghat in New Delhi. Every year this day is observed as Martyr’s Day.