Set 1: Essay On Population Explosion or Family Planning
There has been advancement and progress in the medical science. The result is that the health of people in India has improved and the death rate among the old, young and infants has decreased. Therefore, there has been an explosion in the population. Poverty has been increasing because of population explosion.
Small Family Happy Family The Family Planning Programme was started in 1952 and later on, it was renamed as Family Welfare Programme. During the time of Emergency many excesses were committed in the name of family planning and hence this change in the name. Five-year plans were started to control the population but India remains a poor country because millions of people have to be fed. A large number of people are ill-fed and ill-clad. People living in tribal areas and other far-fetched areas do not have even two meals a day.
Employment has become a great problem and lakhs of people, both literate and illiterate are without any job. After the Green Revolution which started in 1955 India became independent in food grains. But the population has increased manifold. Jobs cannot be created in proportion to the increase in population. This increasing population has adversely affected the Five-year plans. It is the basic cause of increasing unemployment. About ten million children are born every year which is equal to the total population of Australia and Mongolia.
The government tried its best to promote several plans and programmes to popularise the Family Welfare Plans. But the success of programmes depends on the proper education of the people. People generally think that children are the gift of the God. Many of them do not have the knowledge of science and sex.
Some progress has certainly been made in this direction and many people have taken to family planning. But more efforts have to be made to achieve complete success because overpopulation is a great burden on country’s economy and a big obstacle in its development.
Set 2: Essay On Population
Our country is the second most populated country in the world after China. Out of every six people in the entire world one is an Indian. India’s present population is over one billion and it is the couse of major problems for the entire country.
India that used to be a land full of lush green jungles and wild animals and birds in fast changing into a land often struck in various parts by famines, floods and droughts. Population is very much at the root of this grave problem.
Every person needs a certain amount of space to live in. To make place for the billion strong population of our country to live, a huge amount of the forested areas of our motherland has been destroyed. The most alarming fact is that India’s population is still increasing.
The increasing population does not demand land only to house the new comers but large tracks of land is required to cultivate food crops for them. They need parks, play grounds and swimming pools for their entertainment etc. Our country is today on the brink of population explosion and if the population growth is not put a stop to or at least slowed down, then no amount of progress our country makes will make any difference to the poverty that plagues the country.
Set 3: Essay On Population Explosion or Family planning
Population explosion NIMM is the most serious problem facing our country today. With 16 pecent of the world’s population, India is today the second largest populations’ country in the world. As on March 1.1991, when the last census was conducted, the country’s population stood at 846.30 million, with 439.23 males and 407.07 females. The country’s population is currently estimated at about 950 millions. The population growth has been extremely rapid in the last 50 years. The phenomenal growth is now more appropriately termed as “population explosion”.
The phenomenal population growth exerts immense pressure on other basic necessities like education, health, housing, clothing, employment opportunities etc.
With employment opportunities in the rural areas becoming scarce, population explosion is resulting in increasing migration of rural poor to the urban areas in search of jobs. The increasing pressure on the urban areas is giving rise to more number of slums and this is multiplying the problems in the urban areas as health is the first casualty in slums.
The population explosion can be effectively checked only when the people are inclined towards smaller families. With increasing literacy rate and improved socio-economic status, the people can be educated to adopt a favorable attitude towards smaller families.