Essay On Rubber
Rubber is a kind of material available from the thick white liquid called latex. This liquid is available from the rubber trees. Rubber is obtained from the latex of the rubber tree called Hevea brasiliensis. The latex available from the rubber tree is an important raw material for rubber industries.
Rubber is one of the important industrial crops. First samples of rubber were taken to Europe during the 16th century. In 1839, Charles Goodyear discovered the process of vulcanization that made rubber more durable and stronger.
Indian rubber is produced from a type of gum (latex) that comes from the bark of certain trees that grow in hot and moist climates. The gum is collected by cutting the bark with a sharp knife. Special cups are used to collect the gum. The gum is dried in sun. Slowly it becomes thick and hard. Later it is carefully cleaned and processed in different ways until it turns into rubber.
This rubber is used for making different kinds of rubber stuff. Things made from rubber are very durable, elastic, and waterproof. Tires for cars and bicycles are made from rubber. Rubber is also used in making shoes and their soles, raincoats, belts, wallets, bags, and a large number of other useful products.
More than 90% of natural rubber is grown in Indonesia, India, Malaysian, and Vietnam. Rubber cultivation requires a temperature of more than 27°C and heavy rainfall. Deep or well-drained fertile soils are best for its cultivation. Afternoon rains are ideal for collecting latex from the rubber trees.
A large labor force is required to carry out different tasks for rubber cultivation. Labour is needed for tapping, trimming undergrowth, maintaining the plantation, and primary rubber processing.
Thailand ranks first in the production of rubber in the world. Indonesia stands second in the production of natural rubber. India, Kerala, Tamilnadu, and Karnataka are some of the South Indian States that cultivate rubber. Some of the natural producers of rubber in the world are China, the Philippines, Brazil, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, and Sri Lanka. USA, UK, Germany, Japan, Russia, France, and China are the major importers of rubber.