Set 1: Essay On Our Capital Delhi 400 Words
Delhi has remained our capital for a long time, though its name and form have kept changing. The famous battle of Kaurav and Pandavs was fought here. King Yudhisthir performed the holy Rajsuya yagnya here and named this city Indraprastha. King Dilip was the first ruler of Delhi followed by King Yudhisthir. The Last Hindu emperor to rule Delhi was Prithviraj Chauhan. After that, the Mughals invaded his Kingdom. Prithviraj Chauhan named this capital city Delhi.
The history of Delhi is full of bloodshed and conspiracies. Many ruthless invaders attacked Delhi in different periods. Taimur and Nadir shah outraged people a number of times. Delhi again bathed in blood during the revolution of 1857. The Muslims and British ruled this city for around 300 years. Hundreds of freedom fighters were sentenced to death. Delhi has situated on the right bank of river Yamuna. Previously it was the Union territory of India but now it has expanded in all directions. The city consists of many historical monuments like Parliament, Rashtrapati Bhavan, Red Fort, Qutub Minar, Birla Mandir, Jama Masjid, etc.
The astrological observatory called Jantar-Mantar, which was built by Rajput Raja Man Singh is situated in this city. It was used to study the position of stars, sun, moon, and the earth in the olden days and till today it is a major attraction of Delhi. Delhi also houses a number of museums and gardens. The National Museum representing the Indian culture and heritage is situated here. Gardens like Buddha Garden, Mughal Garden, Lodhi garden are the main points of attraction. The markets and shopping complexes are very big. The Zoo and Appu Ghar are the places which attract children as well as people of all ages.
Delhi is also one of the important centers of education. Delhi University, Indraprastha University, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Indira Gandhi Open University are renowned universities situated in Delhi. The Supreme court, Army Base, Radio Center, Doordarshan Center, the highest T.V. tower, Science Center adds to the beauty of the city. Tombs of great political leaders and Prime Ministers of India are situated near Delhi gate.
Spectacular celebrations are held in this capital city on Republic day and Independence Day. The President House, India Gate, Trimurti House, Birla Mandir are other attractions of the city. Lotus Temple built by the Bahai community is an architectural marvel. It is really a nice city to live in.
Set 2: Essay On Our Capital Delhi 400 Words
Delhi is the most ancient city in the world. The story of Delhi is very interesting. It has remained the main center of many historical events. The city is situated on the banks of the river Yamuna. Its existence dates back to the period of Pandavas. The famous battle between Kaurav and Pandavs was fought here. King Yudhishthir performed the holy Rajsuya yagnya here and named this city Indraprastha. The history of Delhi is full of bloodshed and conspiracies. Many ruthless invaders attacked Delhi during different periods.
According to proven sources, it was called Lalkot and Raipithora in the olden days. The city was established in the eleventh century by Tomar rulers. It then came under the regime of the Chauhan rulers. The Last Hindu emperor to rule Delhi was Prithviraj Chauhan. He named this city Delhi. Mum had Ghauri invade his Kingdom in 1792. Further, different Muslim rulers ruled this city for the next nine centuries. They decorated the city as per their likings. They built huge palaces, forts, and other royal buildings. The world-famous Kutubminar was built by Kutub rulers, Mughal Emperors Jehangir and Shah Jahan shifted their capital from Delhi to Agra.
But after some period they had to return back to Delhi. This was the seventh incarnation of Delhi. Shah Jahan built the magnificent Red Fort, Jama Masjid, and many magnificent entrances. Aurangzeb built the famous Moti Masjid inside the Red Fort. The Sikh Gurudwara of Delhi is very famous.
The story of Modern Delhi starts from the seventeenth century when the British shifted their capital from Kolkatta to Delhi. The majestic constructions of New Delhi were done by architects Edwin Leutin and Sir Herbert Baker. The President House, Parliament, Secretarial building were all built during this period. To date, Delhi has been the capital of India. It is the spirit of our country.
Apart from being the center of major political actions Delhi is also one of the important centers of education, culture, and trade. Every day thousands of tourists, traders, businessmen, eminent leaders, and other important personalities visit Delhi. Unlimited options of education, business, progress, and development are available here.
Important projects like the Metro railway have really helped in the progress of Delhi. Delhi is unique and incomparable. Its appearance has changed according to time. We should pray to God that it would prosper and become more beautiful in the near future.
Set 3: Delhi – The Capital Of India
Delhi is the traditional and present day capital territory of India. It is also one of the oldest inhabited cities of India. Delhi is officially known as the National Capital Territory of Delhi. It has a semiarid climate with high difference between summer and winter temperatures.
After India gained Independence on 15th August 1947, Delhi was officially declared as the Capital of the country. In 1991, it was declared, as the National Capital Territory comprises 9 districts, 158 villages and 62 towns.
Being the Capital of India, Delhi is the centre stage of all political activities. It is in Delhi that political fortunes are made or spoiled and the nation’s destiny is created. Once it was the city of royal power. Later it became an important seat of colonial power. Then it was a centre of administrative power. Now it is developing as important region of business power too.
The principal food crops of Delhi are wheat, bajra, jowar, maize and gram. However, importance has been shifted from food crops to vegetable and fruit crops, dairy and poultry farming, floriculture, etc.
Delhi is not only the largest commercial centre in northern India, but also the largest centre of small-scale industries. A wide variety of items like television, light engineering machines, automobile parts, tape recorders, sports goods, bicycles, softwares, etc. are manufactured. Delhi is one of the main centres of trading and service industry in North India. The Information Technology sector, fashion, electronic, handloom and textile industry contribute a lot to Delhi’s economy.
Each year Delhi attracts a huge number of tourists. The sites of interest are categorized in the British build New Delhi with all its government buildings, secondly, all the historical monuments, which have been left by the dynasties who ruled Delhi and at third place there are some great religious places. Some of the worth visiting places in Delhi are Rashtrapati Bhavan, Red Fort, India Gate, Birla Mandir, Qutub Minar, Jama Masjid, Humayun’s tomb, Jantar Mantra, Laxmi Narayan Mandir, Iscon Temple, Lotus Temple, etc.
All major festivals of India are celebrated by people of Delhi. Moreover, some tourist festivals have become regular annual events of Delhi. The Republic Day celebration, Independence Day celebration and Indian International Trade Fair are some important occasions that attract a vast number of tourists.
Delhi is well connected by roads, trains and air with all parts of India. It has important airports, major railway stations and regional bus terminals. Delhi Metro Rail is very important public communication service that connects important places within the city. Culture of Delhi is diverse because people come from different parts of the country. The union of various companies, traditions and religion has painted Delhi in colours, which are spreaded all over India.
Delhi has attractive charm and has history of hundreds of years. The geographical location, people, government, industry, modernism and hospitality makes Delhi captivating for any visitor. As important developments are taking place in every field, Delhi is getting outstanding fame and recognition around the world.