Essay On Sarojini Naidu
Sarojini Naidu was truly one of the gems of the 20th century India. She was also known as The Nightingale of India’. Her contribution was not only limited to the field of Indian politics. She was also a famous poet.
Sarojini Naidu was born on February 13, 1879 in Hyderabad. Her father was a scientist, philosopher and an educator. Her mother wrote poems in Bengali. Since childhood, Sarojini was a very intelligent child. Although her father wanted to make her a mathematician or scientist, young Sarojini was fond of poetries. At an early age, she wrote a poem that was thirteen-hundred-lines long. The poem was titled “The Lady of the Lake?. After this, her father started encouraging her. Happy with the works of the little child, the Nizam of Hydrabad granted her a scholarship to study abroad. At the age of 16, she got admission in the King’s College of England. Soon Sarojini Naidu started writing on the Indian subjects like Indian society and on great rivers, mountains, temples, etc.
After returning India, she married Dr. Muthyala Naidu. The marriage took place at a time when marriage outside ones caste was not accepted in society. Her married life was very happy. They had four children.
In 1905, after the partition of Bengal, Sarojini Naidu decided to join the Indian freedom struggle. She met Gopal Krishna Gokhale, who introduced her to the leaders of the Indian freedom movement. Sarojini met leaders like Mahatma Gandhi and Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. She later became leader of the Indian National Congress Party. She travelled to America and many European countries as the flag-carrier of the Indian Nationalist struggle.
During 1915, she travelled all over India and gave speeches on the well-being of youth, problems of labourers, women’s emancipation and nationalism. In 1916, she took up the cause of the indigo workers of Champaran.
Sarojini Naidu also participated in Mahatma Gandhi’s Non-Cooperation Movement, actively campaigned for the Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms, the Khilafat issue, the Sabarmati Pact, the Satyagraha Pledge and the Civil Disobedience Movement.
Besides her role and sacrifices in the Indian Nationalist Movement, she is also praised for her contribution in the field of poetry. Her works were so beautiful that many were changed into songs. In 1905, her collection of poems was published under the title ‘Golden Threshold’. Later, she also published two other collections called The Bird of Time’, and ‘The Broken Wings’. Sarojini Naidu became the first woman Governor of Uttar Pradesh. However, two years later, on 2nd March 1949, she died at Lucknow.
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