Essay On Non-renewable Resources
Resources available on the Earth can be divided into renewable and non-renewable resources. However, non-renewable resources are also known as artificial or deplete resources. They cannot be replaced after use. A non-renewable resource is a natural resource that is used up faster than it can be made by nature. It cannot be produced, grown or generated on a scale, which can withstand how quickly it is being consumed. Once it is used up, there is no more available for future needs. Nonrenewable resources are consumed much faster than nature can create them. Fossil fuels such as coal, petroleum, natural gas and types of nuclear power like uranium are some examples of nonrenewable resources.
Land is the basic natural resource. It is a resource, which is under great pressure. This is because of the increasing amount of the human population. The mismanagement of the precious land resource in the form of cutting trees has resulted in severe damage to the quality of soil and landscapes.
Many useful minerals are found in oceans. The minerals found in the ocean at a depth of 5000 meters are known as the ‘nodules’. The coastal side of Karnataka in India contain various valuable mineral resources like raw material for generating atomic fuel, monazite and zircon. Moreover, several other metals such as tin, platinum and gold are found in the coastal deposits.
Minerals are the backbone of the industry. Industries leads to commercial and economic prosperity of the nation. Varity of minerals like copper, iron, coal, fossil fuels, aluminium and petroleum have become very important for our dayto-day requirement. Some of the mineral rich regions in India are Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan and Gujarat.
Soil is yet another important non-renewable resource. Soil is the uppermost layer of land. It retains ground water. It also contains rich organic mineral nutrients. The fertility of the soil differs from place to place depending upon the capacity of the soil to retain the levels of water and oxygen. The important types of soil that are found in India are Black, Red, Desert, Mountain and Laterite soils.
At present, the main energy source used by humans is non-renewable fossil fuels. Since the beginning of internal combustion engine technologies in the 17th century, petroleum and other fossil fuels have remained in great demand. As a result, transport systems, which are fitted to combustion engines, remain important all over the globe. The frequent use of fossil fuels at the current rate is believed to increase global warming and cause more severe climate change.
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