Essay On Juvenile Delinquency
Juvenile delinquency, is also known as, juvenile offending’. It involves participation in illegal behaviour by minors. Most legal systems such as juvenile detention centers and courts suggest specific procedures for dealing with juveniles.
Juvenile delinquency refers to disruptive, or illegal behaviour by children or teenagers. A young person who is yet not an adult and who is guilty of committing a crime is called a “juvenile delinquent’. A social crime committed by a person below 18 years of age is known as juvenile delinquency. Juvenile children are not punished like adult criminals as they do not come under the penal section. Such lawbreakers are sent to rehabilitative homes.
Juvenile crimes can range from offenses such as underage smoking, to property and violent crimes. Many children have a tendency to cross the limits set by their parents and elders. They find it adventurous. Delinquent activities include killing someone, attempting suicide, betting, stealing, begging, involving in sexual activities, causing damage to someone’s property, etc. Eve teasing done in schools, colleges and on streets is another form of delinquent activity.
Sometimes family plays a significant role in delinquency among children. Lack of parental love contributes to delinquency. The level of parental control and discipline, too much firmness, family disputes, parental separation and family members belonging to criminal background affect the tender minds of children. Those children who are brought up by a single parent are more likely to show delinquent tendency. Children are more likely to miss their school to pass time with delinquent friends when parents are unaware about their daily activities. Step-parenthood can also contribute to it.
Children with weak physical and mental abilities also show delinquent behaviour. Such children think that by engaging in delinquent actions they will succeed in dealing with their inferiorities and weaknesses. It is also found that mentally retarded
children are often used by others to commit crime.
Stopping children from involving in criminal or antisocial activities is the main objective of the preventive measures. As family is the first school of child, healthy behaviour among children must be encouraged within the family. It is not always easy for the Government alone to provide financial assistance for preventive measures. Thus, along with the Government, private establishments and groups of people come together to prevent juvenile delinquency. Preventive measures also include activities such as counselling and guiding the youth, educating parents and providing shelter to delinquent children.
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