Set 1: Essay On United Nations Organisation
After the end of the Second World War in 1945, the U.N.O. was formed. The two world wars had given the world a very bitter experience and everyone wanted peace all over the world. The League of Nations could not prevent these wars and hence a necessity of forming a forum with more powers was discussed at a conference in 1941. Finally the delegates of 51 countries assembled in San Francisco on 26th June, 1945 and the United Nations Organisation was born. Today, almost all the countries of the world are its members.
The headquarters of the U.N. is in New York and 24th October is celebrated as the U.N. Day throughout the world. The U.N.O. is a committee of nations. The first committee of the U.N.O. was the Security Council. It had five permanent members – The U.S.A., Russia, the United Kingdom, France and Nationalist China. These countries had a veto power which means even if one country did not agree on a particular issue, it could not be carried through in the Security Council.
The other units of the U.N.O. are the General Assembly, the Economic and Social Council, the International Court of Justice and Trusteeship Council. Each member nation is represented in the General Assembly. The Security Council has eleven members of which the five are permanent members and the remaining are elected by the General Assembly by rotation. Another wing is the International Court of Justice. One of the most popular wing of the U.N.O. is U.N.E.S.C.O. (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation) which has its headquarters at Paris.
The U.N.O. has prevented major international conflicts. It has done its job well in Indonesia, Korea, China, Suez and in Congo. It has so far prevented the Third World War and that is its major achievement. It has played significant role in the Indo-China war, the Arab-Israel war and the Super Power confrontation in Cuba in 1961.
Besides preventing international conflicts—the latest between India and Pakistan – the U.N.O. has proved beneficial to humanity in general. U.N. agencies such as UNESCO and ILO have contributed a lot in lessening the sufferings of the unprivileged people all over the world. The UNHCR (United Nations High Commission for Refugees) and U.N. Peace Keeping forces have provided relief to millions of people affected by regional conflicts and wars.
Politics has entered this World Forum also and it has been proposed that the U.N.O. should have its own army and it should be given the legislative powers for the whole world. This dream is yet to be realised. In spite of all its failings, the U.N.O. has done a yeoman service to the humanity.
Set 2: Essay On United Nations Organisation
The United Nations Organisation (UNO) is an association sovereign states who have bound themselves by a charter to maintain international peace and security. It is the world’s largest intern tic” organization. Now it is also known as United Nations only. The United Nations charter was signed by the delegates countries at San Francisco (USA), On 26th June, 1945 with the to save the coming generations from the scourge of war.
UN formally came into existence on October 24, 1945. So October 24 is celebrated as the United Nations Day every year throughout the world. The first regular session of the UN was held in London in 1946. Trygve Lie (Norway) was elected the first Secretary General of the UN.
The Headquarters of the UN is situated in Manhattan island, a suburb of New York (USA). The official languages of the U.N. are English, French, Chinese, Russian, Arabic and Spanish.
English and French are the working languages of the U.N. New members are admitted to the General Assembly on the recommendation of the Security Council and two thirds of the members of the General Assembly should vote in favour.
Set 3: Essay On United Nations Organization – Achievements And Drawbacks
United Nations Organization was established after Second World War in 1945. The main reason behind its formation was to prevent the outbreak of any war in future. The leaders of the world decided to establish an international organization that could prevent the wars in the world.
UNO was specially organized with certain aims in mind. Besides preventing wars, it aimed to establish friendly relations, international cooperation in political, cultural and social fields. The important functions of the organization were carried by different organs such as Assembly, Security Council, Eco-Social Council and Trusteeship Council.
Security Council is the most important organ because it prevents the outbreak of war. The permanent members of UNO are USA, Russia, China, England and France. Non-permanent members are elected for the period of two years. The Security Council has powers to declare ‘cease fire’ and cut off the diplomatic relations between the countries. However, UNO do not have any army of its own but it can raise an army called ‘United Nation Defence Force’.
UNO has many political and non-political achievements to its credit. In political field, many occasions could have resulted into Third World War. It was very fortunate that UNO was able to prevent that. There were crisis between Arabs and Jews. Moreover, Indonesia, which was the colony of Dutch during Second World War, was occupied by Japan. After the defeat of Japan in Second World War, the Dutch tried to reoccupy Indonesia. Later the Dutch had to give independence to Indonesia due to the force applied by UNO.
Indo-China was the colony of France. During the Second World War, Japan had occupied China. After the defeat of Japan, France tried to reoccupy China. Again, due to the efforts of UNO, Indo-China was given independence by France. In non-political field, achievements of UNO have been working in specialised agencies like UNICEF, WHO and UNESCO.
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